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aewm_client.c

/* aewm - Copyright 1998-2007 Decklin Foster <decklin@red-bean.com>.
 * This program is free software; please see LICENSE for details. */

#include <stdlib.h>
#ifdef DEBUG
#include <stdio.h>
#endif
#include <string.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>
#ifdef SHAPE
#include <X11/extensions/shape.h>
#endif
#include "aewm.h"
#include "atom.h"

static void do_map(client_t *, int);
static int init_geom(client_t *, strut_t *);
static void reparent(client_t *, strut_t *);

/* Set up a client structure for the new (not-yet-mapped) window. We have to
 * ignore two unmap events if the client was already mapped but has
 * IconicState set (for instance, when we are the second window manager in a
 * session). That's because there's one for the reparent (which happens on
 * all viewable windows) and then another for the unmapping itself. */

client_t *new_client(Window w)
{
    client_t *c;
    XWindowAttributes attr;
    XColor exact;
    long supplied;
    Atom win_type;

    c = malloc(sizeof *c);
    c->next = head;
    head = c;

    c->name = get_wm_name(w);
    c->win = w;
    c->frame = None;
    c->size.flags = 0;
    c->ignore_unmap = 0;
#ifdef SHAPE
    c->shaped = 0;
#endif
    c->shaded = 0;
    c->zoomed = 0;
    c->decor = 1;

    XGetWMNormalHints(dpy, c->win, &c->size, &supplied);
    XGetTransientForHint(dpy, c->win, &c->trans);

    XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, c->win, &attr);
    c->geom.x = attr.x;
    c->geom.y = attr.y;
    c->geom.w = attr.width;
    c->geom.h = attr.height;
    c->cmap = attr.colormap;
    c->old_bw = attr.border_width;

#ifdef DEBUG
    dump_name(c, "creating", 'w');
    dump_geom(c, "initial");
#endif

    XAllocNamedColor(dpy, c->cmap, opt_fg, &fg, &exact);
    XAllocNamedColor(dpy, c->cmap, opt_bg, &bg, &exact);
    XAllocNamedColor(dpy, c->cmap, opt_bd, &bd, &exact);

    if (get_atoms(c->win, net_wm_wintype, XA_ATOM, 0, &win_type, 1, NULL))
        c->decor = HAS_DECOR(win_type);

    if (get_atoms(c->win, net_wm_desk, XA_CARDINAL, 0, &c->desk, 1, NULL)) {
        if (c->desk == -1) c->desk = DESK_ALL; /* FIXME */
        if (c->desk >= ndesks && c->desk != DESK_ALL)
            c->desk = cur_desk;
    } else {
        set_atoms(c->win, net_wm_desk, XA_CARDINAL, &cur_desk, 1);
        c->desk = cur_desk;
    }
#ifdef DEBUG
    dump_info(c);
#endif

    check_states(c);

    /* We are not actually keeping the stack one in order. However, every
     * fancy panel uses it and nothing else, no matter what the spec says.
     * (I'm not sure why, as rearranging the list every time the stacking
     * changes would be distracting. GNOME's window list applet doesn't.) */
    append_atoms(root, net_client_list, XA_WINDOW, &c->win, 1);
    append_atoms(root, net_client_stack, XA_WINDOW, &c->win, 1);

    return c;
}

client_t *find_client(Window w, int mode)
{
    client_t *c;

    if (mode == MATCH_FRAME) {
        for (c = head; c; c = c->next)
            if (c->frame == w)
                return c;
    } else /* mode == MATCH_WINDOW */ {
        for (c = head; c; c = c->next)
            if (c->win == w)
                return c;
    }

    return NULL;
}

void map_client(client_t *c)
{
    XWindowAttributes attr;
    strut_t s = { 0, 0, 0, 0 };
    XWMHints *hints;
    int btn, want_raise = 1;

    XGrabServer(dpy);

    XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, c->win, &attr);
    collect_struts(c, &s);

    if (attr.map_state == IsViewable) {
        c->ignore_unmap++;
        reparent(c, &s);
        if (get_wm_state(c->win) == IconicState) {
            c->ignore_unmap++;
            XUnmapWindow(dpy, c->win);
        } else {
            set_wm_state(c, NormalState);
            do_map(c, want_raise);
        }
    } else {
        if ((hints = XGetWMHints(dpy, c->win))) {
            if (hints->flags & StateHint)
                set_wm_state(c, hints->initial_state);
            XFree(hints);
        } else {
            set_wm_state(c, NormalState);
        }
        if (!init_geom(c, &s) && opt_imap) {
            btn = sweep(c, map_curs, recalc_map, SWEEP_DOWN, &s);
            if (btn == Button2)
                btn = sweep(c, resize_curs, recalc_resize, SWEEP_UP, &s);
            if (btn == Button3)
                want_raise = 0;
        }
#ifdef DEBUG
        dump_geom(c, "set to");
        dump_info(c);
#endif
        reparent(c, &s);
        if (get_wm_state(c->win) == NormalState)
            do_map(c, want_raise);
    }

    XSync(dpy, False);
    c->name = get_wm_name(c->win); // horrible kludge
    XUngrabServer(dpy);
}

/* This is just a helper to perform the actual mapping, since there are two
 * different places we might need to do it. */

static void do_map(client_t *c, int do_raise)
{
    if (IS_ON_CUR_DESK(c)) {
        XMapWindow(dpy, c->win);
        if (do_raise) {
            XMapRaised(dpy, c->frame);
        } else {
            XLowerWindow(dpy, c->frame);
            XMapWindow(dpy, c->frame);
        }
    }
}

/* When we're ready to map, we have two things to consider: the literal
 * geometry of the window (what the client passed to XCreateWindow), and the
 * size hints (what they set with XSetWMSizeHints, if anything). Generally,
 * the client doesn't care, and leaves the literal geometry at +0+0. If the
 * client wants to be mapped in a particular place, though, they either set
 * this geometry to something different or set a size hint. The size hint
 * is the recommended method, and takes precedence. If there is already
 * something in c->geom, though, we just leave it.  */

static int init_geom(client_t *c, strut_t *s)
{
    Atom win_type, state;
    int screen_x = DisplayWidth(dpy, screen);
    int screen_y = DisplayHeight(dpy, screen);
    int wmax = screen_x - s->left - s->right;
    int hmax = screen_y - s->top - s->bottom;
    int mouse_x, mouse_y;

    /* We decide the geometry for these types of windows, so we can just
     * ignore everything and return right away. If c->zoomed is set, that
     * means we've already set things up, but otherwise, we do it here. */
    if (c->zoomed)
        return 1;
    if (get_atoms(c->win, net_wm_state, XA_ATOM, 0, &state, 1, NULL) &&
            state == net_wm_state_fs) {
        c->geom.x = 0;
        c->geom.y = 0;
        c->geom.w = screen_x;
        c->geom.h = screen_y;
        return 1;
    }

    /* Here, we merely set the values; they're in the same place regardless
     * of whether the user or the program specified them. We'll distinguish
     * between the two cases later, if we need to. */
    if (c->size.flags & (USSize|PSize)) {
        if (c->size.width > 0) c->geom.w = c->size.width;
        if (c->size.height > 0) c->geom.h = c->size.height;
    }
    if (c->size.flags & (USPosition|PPosition)) {
        if (c->size.x > 0) c->geom.x = c->size.x;
        if (c->size.y > 0) c->geom.y = c->size.y;
    }

    /* Several types of windows can put themselves wherever they want, but we
     * need to read the size hints to get that position before returning. */
    if (get_atoms(c->win, net_wm_wintype, XA_ATOM, 0, &win_type, 1, NULL) &&
            CAN_PLACE_SELF(win_type))
        return 1;

    /* At this point, maybe nothing was set, or something went horribly wrong
     * and the values are garbage. So, make a guess, based on the pointer. */
    if (c->geom.x <= 0 && c->geom.y <= 0) {
        get_pointer(&mouse_x, &mouse_y);
        recalc_map(c, c->geom, mouse_x, mouse_y, mouse_x, mouse_y, s);
    }

    /* In any case, if we got this far, we need to do a further sanity check
     * and make sure that the window isn't overlapping any struts -- except
     * for transients, because they might be a panel-type client popping up a
     * notification window over themselves. */
    if (!c->trans) {
        if (c->geom.x + c->geom.w > screen_x - s->right)
            c->geom.x = screen_x - s->right - c->geom.w;
        if (c->geom.y + c->geom.h > screen_y - s->bottom)
            c->geom.y = screen_y - s->bottom - c->geom.h;
        if (c->geom.x < s->left || c->geom.w > wmax)
            c->geom.x = s->left;
        if (c->geom.y < s->top || c->geom.h > hmax)
            c->geom.y = s->top;
    }

    /* Finally, we decide if we were ultimately satisfied with the position
     * given, or if we had to make something up, so that the caller can
     * consider using some other method. */
    return c->trans || c->size.flags & USPosition;
}

/* The frame window is not created until we actually do the reparenting here,
 * and thus the Xft surface cannot exist until this runs. Anything that has to
 * manipulate the client before we are called must make sure not to attempt to
 * use either. */

static void reparent(client_t *c, strut_t *s)
{
    XSetWindowAttributes pattr;
    geom_t f;

    f = frame_geom(c);
    pattr.override_redirect = True;
    pattr.background_pixel = bg.pixel;
    pattr.border_pixel = bd.pixel;
    pattr.event_mask = SubMask|ButtonPressMask|ExposureMask|EnterWindowMask;
    c->frame = XCreateWindow(dpy, root, f.x, f.y, f.w, f.h, BW(c),
        DefaultDepth(dpy, screen), CopyFromParent, DefaultVisual(dpy, screen),
        CWOverrideRedirect|CWBackPixel|CWBorderPixel|CWEventMask, &pattr);

#ifdef SHAPE
    if (shape) {
        XShapeSelectInput(dpy, c->win, ShapeNotifyMask);
        set_shape(c);
    }
#endif

#ifdef XFT
    c->xftdraw = XftDrawCreate(dpy, (Drawable)c->frame,
        DefaultVisual(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)),
        DefaultColormap(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)));
#endif

    XAddToSaveSet(dpy, c->win);
    XSelectInput(dpy, c->win, ColormapChangeMask|PropertyChangeMask);
    XSetWindowBorderWidth(dpy, c->win, 0);
    XResizeWindow(dpy, c->win, c->geom.w, c->geom.h);
    XReparentWindow(dpy, c->win, c->frame, 0, frame_height(c));

    send_config(c);
}

/* For a regular window, c->trans is None (false), and we include enough space
 * to draw the name. For a transient window we just make a small strip (based
 * on the font height). */

int frame_height(client_t *c)
{
    if (c && c->decor)
        return (c->trans ? 0 : ASCENT) + DESCENT + 2*opt_pad + BW(c);
    else
        return 0;
}

int set_wm_state(client_t *c, unsigned long state)
{
    return set_atoms(c->win, wm_state, wm_state, &state, 1);
}

void check_states(client_t *c)
{
    Atom state;
    unsigned long read, left;
    int i;

    for (i = 0, left = 1; left; i += read) {
        read = get_atoms(c->win, net_wm_state, XA_ATOM, i, &state, 1, &left);
        if (read) {
            if (state == net_wm_state_shaded)
                shade_client(c);
            else if (state == net_wm_state_mh || state == net_wm_state_mv)
                zoom_client(c);
        } else {
            break;
        }
    }
}

/* If we frob the geom for some reason, we need to inform the client. */

void send_config(client_t *c)
{
    XConfigureEvent ce;

    ce.type = ConfigureNotify;
    ce.event = c->win;
    ce.window = c->win;
    ce.x = c->geom.x;
    ce.y = c->geom.y;
    ce.width = c->geom.w;
    ce.height = c->geom.h;
    ce.border_width = 0;
    ce.above = None;
    ce.override_redirect = 0;

    XSendEvent(dpy, c->win, False, StructureNotifyMask, (XEvent *)&ce);
}

/* I've changed this to just clear the window every time. The amount of
 * ``flicker'' is basically imperceptable. Also, we might be drawing an
 * anti-aliased font with Xft, in which case we always have to clear to draw
 * the text properly. This allows us to simplify handle_property_change as
 * well.
 *
 * Unfortunately some fussing with pixels is always necessary. The integer
 * division here should match X's line algorithms so that proportions are
 * correct at all border widths. For text, I have subjectively chosen a
 * horizontal space of 1/2 the descender. Vertically, the decender is part of
 * the font; it is in addition to opt_pad. */

void redraw_frame(client_t *c)
{
    int x, y;

    if (c && c->decor) {
        XClearWindow(dpy, c->frame);
        if (!c->shaded) XDrawLine(dpy, c->frame, border_gc,
            0, frame_height(c) - BW(c) + BW(c)/2,
            c->geom.w, frame_height(c) - BW(c) + BW(c)/2);
        XDrawLine(dpy, c->frame, border_gc,
            c->geom.w - frame_height(c) + BW(c)/2, 0,
            c->geom.w - frame_height(c) + BW(c)/2, frame_height(c));

        if (!c->trans && c->name) {
            x = opt_pad + DESCENT/2;
            y = opt_pad + ASCENT;
#ifdef XFT
#ifdef X_HAVE_UTF8_STRING
            XftDrawStringUtf8(c->xftdraw, &xft_fg, xftfont, x, y,
                (unsigned char *)c->name, strlen(c->name));
#else
            XftDrawString8(c->xftdraw, &xft_fg, xftfont, x, y,
                (unsigned char *)c->name, strlen(c->name));
#endif
#else
#ifdef X_HAVE_UTF8_STRING
            Xutf8DrawString(dpy, c->frame, font_set, string_gc, x, y,
                c->name, strlen(c->name));
#else
            XDrawString(dpy, c->frame, string_gc, x, y,
                c->name, strlen(c->name));
#endif
#endif
        }
    }
}

/* The frame is bigger than the client window. Which direction it extends
 * outside of the theoretical client geom is determined by the window gravity.
 * The default is NorthWest, which means that the top left corner of the frame
 * stays where the top left corner of the client window would have been, and
 * the client window moves down. For SouthEast, etc, the frame moves up. For
 * Static the client window must not move (same result as South), and for
 * Center the center point of the frame goes where the center point of the
 * unmanaged client window was. */

geom_t frame_geom(client_t *c)
{
    geom_t f = c->geom;

    /* everything else is the same as c->geom was */
    f.h = frame_height(c) + (c->shaded ? -BW(c) : c->geom.h);

    /* X, in its perpetual helpfulness, always does native borders NorthWest
     * style. This, as usual, ruins everything. So we compensate. */
    switch (GRAV(c)) {
        case NorthWestGravity:
            break;
        case NorthGravity:
            f.x -= BW(c);
            break;
        case NorthEastGravity:
            f.x -= 2 * BW(c);
            break;
        case EastGravity:
            f.x -= 2 * BW(c);
            f.y -= frame_height(c) / 2 + BW(c);
            break;
        case SouthEastGravity:
            f.x -= 2 * BW(c);
            f.y -= frame_height(c) + 2 * BW(c);
            break;
        case SouthGravity:
            f.x -= BW(c);
            f.y -= frame_height(c) + 2 * BW(c);
            break;
        case SouthWestGravity:
            f.y -= frame_height(c) + 2 * BW(c);
            break;
        case WestGravity:
            f.y -= frame_height(c) / 2 + BW(c);
            break;
        case StaticGravity:
            f.y -= frame_height(c) + BW(c);
            f.x -= BW(c);
            break;
        case CenterGravity:
            f.x -= BW(c);
            f.y -= frame_height(c) / 2 + BW(c);
            break;
    }

    return f;
}

void collect_struts(client_t *c, strut_t *s)
{
    client_t *p;
    XWindowAttributes attr;
    strut_t temp;

    for (p = head; p; p = p->next) {
        if (!IS_ON_CUR_DESK(p) || p == c)
            continue;
        XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, p->win, &attr);
        if (attr.map_state == IsViewable && get_strut(p->win, &temp)) {
            if (temp.left > s->left) s->left = temp.left;
            if (temp.right > s->right) s->right = temp.right;
            if (temp.top > s->top) s->top = temp.top;
            if (temp.bottom > s->bottom) s->bottom = temp.bottom;
        }
    }
}

/* Well, the man pages for the shape extension say nothing, but I was able to
 * find a shape.PS.Z on the x.org FTP site. What we want to do here is make
 * the window shape be a boolean OR (or union) of the client's shape and our
 * bar for the name. The bar requires both a bound and a clip because it has a
 * border; the server will paint the border in the region between the two. */

#ifdef SHAPE
void set_shape(client_t *c)
{
    int n, order;
    XRectangle temp, *rects;

    rects = XShapeGetRectangles(dpy, c->win, ShapeBounding, &n, &order);

    if (n > 1) {
        XShapeCombineShape(dpy, c->frame, ShapeBounding,
            0, frame_height(c), c->win, ShapeBounding, ShapeSet);
        temp.x = -BW(c);
        temp.y = -BW(c);
        temp.width = c->geom.w + 2*BW(c);
        temp.height = frame_height(c) + BW(c);
        XShapeCombineRectangles(dpy, c->frame, ShapeBounding,
            0, 0, &temp, 1, ShapeUnion, YXBanded);
        temp.x = 0;
        temp.y = 0;
        temp.width = c->geom.w;
        temp.height = frame_height(c) - BW(c);
        XShapeCombineRectangles(dpy, c->frame, ShapeClip,
            0, frame_height(c), &temp, 1, ShapeUnion, YXBanded);
        c->shaped = 1;
    } else if (c->shaped) {
        /* I can't find a ``remove all shaping'' function... */
        temp.x = -BW(c);
        temp.y = -BW(c);
        temp.width = c->geom.w + 2*BW(c);
        temp.height = c->geom.h + frame_height(c) + 2*BW(c);
        XShapeCombineRectangles(dpy, c->frame, ShapeBounding,
            0, 0, &temp, 1, ShapeSet, YXBanded);
    }

    XFree(rects);
}
#endif

/* I've decided to carefully ignore any errors raised by this function, rather
 * that attempt to determine asychronously if a window is ``valid''. Xlib
 * calls should only fail here if that a window has removed itself completely
 * before the Unmap and Destroy events get through the queue to us. It's not
 * pretty.
 *
 * The 'withdrawing' argument specifes if the client is actually destroying
 * itself or being destroyed by us, or if we are merely cleaning up its data
 * structures when we exit mid-session. */

void del_client(client_t *c, int mode)
{
    client_t *p;

    XGrabServer(dpy);
    XSetErrorHandler(ignore_xerror);

#ifdef DEBUG
    dump_name(c, "removing", 'r');
    dump_removal(c, mode);
#endif

    if (mode == DEL_WITHDRAW) {
        set_wm_state(c, WithdrawnState);
    } else /* mode == DEL_REMAP */ {
        if (c->zoomed) {
            c->geom.x = c->save.x;
            c->geom.y = c->save.y;
            c->geom.w = c->save.w;
            c->geom.h = c->save.h;
            XResizeWindow(dpy, c->win, c->geom.w, c->geom.h);
        }
        XMapWindow(dpy, c->win);
    }

    remove_atom(root, net_client_list, XA_WINDOW, c->win);
    remove_atom(root, net_client_stack, XA_WINDOW, c->win);

    XSetWindowBorderWidth(dpy, c->win, c->old_bw);
#ifdef XFT
    if (c->xftdraw)
        XftDrawDestroy(c->xftdraw);
#endif

    XReparentWindow(dpy, c->win, root, c->geom.x, c->geom.y);
    XRemoveFromSaveSet(dpy, c->win);
    XDestroyWindow(dpy, c->frame);

    if (head == c)
        head = c->next;
    else for (p = head; p && p->next; p = p->next)
        if (p->next == c)
            p->next = c->next;

    if (c->name) XFree(c->name);
    free(c);

    XSync(dpy, False);
    XSetErrorHandler(handle_xerror);
    XUngrabServer(dpy);
}

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